The re-fer Memory Steel (Fe-SMA)

The costs of iron-based re-fer memory steel are clearly lower compared to conventional shape memory alloys such as nickel-titanium based materials. This is due to the manufacturing process at an industrial scale and the more reasonable price of its metallic components. From an engineering point of view, it is important to have a precise understanding of a material’s behavior in order to fully develop and optimize its potential. Within the scope of different projects, re-fer is conducting basic research and application-oriented developments together with Empa (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology). New design concepts for SMA-strengthened structures were developed, and calculations are based on statics of prestressed reinforced concrete structures. Current standards and guidelines for prestressing steel shall be used for Fe-SMA products as well.


Material characteristics

  • Prestressing σp,0 in a range of 300 to 400 MPa
  • Tensile strength >900 MPa and ultimate strain >40%
  • Relaxation behavior comparable to existing prestressing steel


The re-fer memory steel is designed for applications in various areas of structural engineering. In addition to the retrofitting of existing structures, Fe-SMA also presents great potential in the prestressing of new construction, precast elements, or special applications, respectively.






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